This page will provide morphological descriptions and distribution, biology and medical importance of those simuliid species which are known to trasmitt Onchocerca volvulus.
Central America (Guatemala, Mexico)
South America (Venezuela focus)
South America (Amazonia focus)
- Simulium damnosum (complex)
- S. damnosum (complex) cytotypes [ A comprenhensive up-to-date checklist of all cytotypes of S. damnosum has been given by Post et al. 2000.- see this link for abstract. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18045261]